KARNAK® technology is patented and based on published scientific studies
The patented KARNAK® technology, used in all lines of devices, is based both on the consolidated scientific bibliography published in the field of PEMF and LLLT and on the studies and research of Nobel Prize winners and internationally renowned scientists such as W.K. Heisenberg, Max Planck, Carlo Rubbia, C.A. Bassett, R.J. Pawluk, F.A. Popp, Ernst Chladni and Thomas Young.
Some of the major bibliographic sources are listed:
Impulse Magnetic-Field Therapy for Insomnia: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study Rainer B. Pelka, Ph.D. Universität der Bundeswehr München Neubiberg/Munich, Germany Christof Jaenicke, M.D., Joerg Gruenwald, Ph.D. PhytoPharm Consulting Institute for Phytopharmaceuticals Berlin, Germany
2001 Advances In Therapy
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation as an augmentative strategy for treatment-resistant depression, a meta-analysis of randomized, double-blind and sham-controlled study Liu B, Zhang Y, Zhang L, Li L.
BMC Psychiatry 2014
Effectiveness and acceptability of accelerated repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for treatment-resistant major depressive disorder: an open label trial
McGirr A , Van den Eynde F , Tovar-Perdomo S , Fleck MP , Berlim MT
2014 Elsevier B.V.
Inhibition of Angiogenesis Mediated by Extremely Low- Frequency Magnetic Fields (ELF-MFs) Simona Delle Monache, Adriano Angelucci, Patrizia Sanità, Roberto Iorio, Francesca Bennato, Fabrizio Mancini, Giancaterino Gualtieri, Rosella Cardigno Colonna
2013 Irina V. Lebedeva, Columbia University, United States of America
rTMS in fibromyalgia: a randomized trial evaluating QoL and its brain metabolic substrate Boyer L., Dousset A., Roussel P., Dossetto N., Cammilleri S., Piano V., Khalfa S., Mundler O., Donnet A., Guedj E. 2014 American Academy of Neurology.
Long-term maintenance of the analgesic effects of transcranial magnetic stimulation in fibromyalgia Mhalla A , Baudic S, Ciampi de Andrade D, Gautron M, Perrot S, Teixeira MJ, Attal N, Bouhassira D. 2011 Published by Elsevier B.V.
Priming Stimulation Enhances the Effectiveness of Low-Frequency Right Prefrontal Cortex Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Major Depression
Paul B. Fitzgerald, MBBS, MPM, PhD, FRANZCP, Kate Hoy, BBNSc (Hons), Susan McQueen, RN, RPN (Nursing), Sally Herring, BA (Hons), Rebecca Segrave, BSci (Hons), Greg Been, MBBS, Jayashri Kulkarni, MBBS, MPM, PhD, FRANZCP, and Zafiris J. Daskalakis, MD, PhD, FRCP(C)
Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology 2008
The efficacy and safety of low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for treatment resistant depression: the results from a large multicenter French RCT.
Brunelin J , Jalenques I , Trojak B , Attal J , Szekely D , Gay A , Januel D , Haffen E , Schott-Pethelaz AM , Brault C ; STEP
Group, Poulet E .
2014 Elsevier Inc.
Neurophysiological predictors of non-response to rTMS in depression
Martijn Arns, Wilhelmus H. Drinkenburg, Paul B. Fitzgerald, J. Leon Kenemans
2012 Elsevier Inc.
Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Chronic Pain: A Review of the Literature. Galhardoni R , Correia GS , Araujo H , Yeng LT , Fernandes DT , Kaziyama HH , Marcolin MA , Bouhassira D , Teixeira MJ, de Andrade DC .
2015 American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Therapeutic applications of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in movement disorders: A review
Nitish Kamble, M. Netravathi, Pramod Kumar Pal
Department of Neurology, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Hosur Road, Bangalore 560029, Karnataka, India
2014 Published by Elsevier Ltd
Non-invasive Brain Stimulation for Essential Tremor
Ludy C. Shih & Alvaro Pascual-Leone
2017 Elan D. Louis, Yale University, USA
Modulation of Osteogenesis in Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells by Specific Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Stimulation
Ming-Tzu Tsai, Wan-Ju Li, Rocky S. Tuan, and Walter H. Chang
2009 J Orthop Res.
Effect of Pulse-Burst Electromagnetic Field Stimulation on Osteoblast Cell Activities Walter Hong-Shong Chang, Li-Ting Chen, Jui-Sheng Sun, and Feng-Huei Lin
Published on 2003 in Wiley InterScience
Effect of Pulsed Electromagnetic Field on the Proliferation and Differentiation Potential of Human Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells
Li-Yi Sun, Dean-Kuo Hsieh, Tzai-Chiu Yu, Hsien-Tai Chiu, Sheng-Fen Lu, Geng-Hong Luo, Tom K. Kuo, Oscar K. Lee, and Tzyy-Wen Chiou
Published on 2009 in Wiley InterScience
Pulsed electromagnetic fields influence hyaline cartilage extracellular matrix composition without affecting molecular structure
BY HONGXIANG LIU, JOAN ABBOTTt AND THE LATE JAMES A. BEE
1996 Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Smoking Cessation Induced by Deep Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation of the Prefrontal and Insular Cortices: A Prospective, Randomized Controlled Trial
Limor Dinur-Klein, Pinhas Dannon, Aviad Hadar, Oded Rosenberg, Yiftach Roth, Moshe Kotler, and Abraham Zangen BIOL PSYCHIATRY 2014
Evaluation of acute effect of light-emitting diode (LED) phototherapy on muscle deoxygenation and pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics in patients with diabetes mellitus: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
Cristina de Oliveira Francisco, Thomas Beltrame, Cleber Ferraresi, Nivaldo Antonio Parizotto, Vanderlei Salvador Bagnato, Audrey Borghi Silva, Benedito Galvão Benze, Alberto Porta and Aparecida Maria Catai Francisco et al. Trials 2015
Light-emitting diode therapy (LEDT) before matches prevents increase in creatine kinase with a light dose response in volleyball players
Cleber Ferraresi & Ricardo Vinicius dos Santos & Guilherme Marques & Marcelo Zangrande & Roberley Leonaldo & Michael R. Hamblin & Vanderlei Salvador Bagnato & Nivaldo Antonio Parizotto
Springer-Verlag London 2015
Low-level laser (light) therapy increases mitochondrial membrane potential and ATP synthesis in C2C12 myotubes with a peak response at 3-6 hours
Cleber Ferraresi, Beatriz Kaippert, Pinar Avci, Ying-Ying Huang, Marcelo Victor Pires de Sousa, Vanderlei Salvador Bagnato, Nivaldo Antonio Parizotto, and Michael R Hamblin
Photochem Photobiol. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2016
Muscular pre-conditioning using light-emitting diode therapy (LEDT) for high-intensity exercise: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial with a single elite runner
Cleber Ferraresi, PhD, Thomas Beltrame, MSc, Fernando Fabrizzi, MSc, Eduardo Sanches Pereira do Nascimento, PhD, Marlus Karsten, PhD, Cristina de Oliveira Francisco, MSc, Audrey Borghi-Silva, PhD, Aparecida Maria Catai, PhD5, Daniel Rodrigues Cardoso, PhD, Antonio Gilberto Ferreira, PhD, Michael R. Hamblin, PhD, Vanderlei Salvador Bagnato, PhD, and Nivaldo Antonio Parizotto, PhD
2015 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc
Shining light on the head: Photobiomodulation for brain disorders
Michael R. Hamblin
2016 Published by Elsevier B.V.
Photobiomodulation with Near Infrared Light Helmet in a Pilot, Placebo Controlled Clinical Trial in Dementia patients Testing Memmory and Cognition
Marvin H Berman, James P Halper, Trent W Nichols, Jarrett H, Alan Lundy and Jason H Huang 2017 Journal of Neurology and Neuroscience.
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